HAVE A QUESTION?
No, the procedure is not painful at any step, minimal discomfort can be there after
ovum or egg pick up, but almost all patients are comfortable after procedure in 5 to
No, the injections are given by syringes like insulin syringes/needles, they are very
minimally invasive and very comfortable, with highest quality.
The duration of stimulation of eggs is usually 10 days, 12th day the egg collection
happens. If the embryo transfer happens in the same cycle, then it happens 3 to 5
days post egg collection. After Embryo transfer 14 days later pregnancy blood test
is done. So if fresh Embryo Transfer ( ET ) happens, the duration is 4 weeks.
If the patient is not ready or fit for a fresh embryo transfer (ET), then Frozen
Embryo Transfer happens after 30 to 45 days. In Frozen embryo transfer, there is no
injections and only oral medications are given. Pregnancy tests is done as usual 14
days after FET.
These injections are the same secreted by a woman’s body. They generally don’t cause
any major side effects. But dosage has to be carefully be given by expert doctors.
No, not at all. All couples do not get successful in the first embryo transfer. We
have seen patients positive after even 7th to 10th embryo transfer. Most of them (9
out of 10 patients- 90%) will become positive within 3 embryo transfers, so
persistent trying, without loosing hope is the secret of success.
In IVF / ICSI, present modern practice has become very patient friendly. Apart from
pregnancy induced changes which any naturally conceived woman will have, IVF
conceived patient also feel the same changes. There are no additional major risks
due to method of conception.
The child born out of any method of conception has same risk of anomalies or birth
defects, which is more related to age of female rather than method of conception. A
female delivering after 35 years have more risk of miscarriage and abnormal child
than a younger mother irrespective of method of conception. But systematic
evaluation will be done post conception to rule out birth defects.
Definitely not. Except for certain rare genetic conditions and PCOS, mostly fertility
issues are not transmitted to next generation. The World’s first IVF conceived and
born child LOUIS BROWN, conceived naturally and delivered a healthy child this
itself proves it.
There is only assistance in the early stage of embryo formation in IUI and IVF,
except that there are no changes in the child. Unless you tell to any of your
relatives or friends, no body will know the method of conception.
We have many patients coming to us conceived after ICSI first conception. There are
two major reasons for this, apart the stress relief. They are uterine and tubal
vascularity getting improved after one conception, other being Endometriosis getting
subsided with almost 1 year of no menstruation. We ourselves have tried ovulation
induction or IUI and made them conceive too.
As per guidelines 5 cycles of stimulation and Ovum pick up can be done, irrespective
of embryo transfer cycles. But most of the patients are decided about the success in
3 stimulation cycles. Alternate options given and pregnancy made possible.
This is a very rare scenario, almost all patients will have an Ovum pick up after
injections. But patients very rarely can have suboptimal response after injections.
This will be discussed before hand for patients with low AMH or low egg count.
Strictly no injections should be missed even for single day. We have strict
monitoring system, so if patient fail to come for injections, call will be given at
the earliest to maintain ideal timing.
It is better to avoid intercourse during stimulation as there can be pain after
intercourse. But intercourse does not cause any complications during injections.
After ovum pick up for 5 days intercourse is avoided. After embryo transfer also
intercourse is avoided.
They can have orgasm with clitoral stimulation, this does not cause any
This is a very important step in ICSI cycle, the trigger timing is decided exactly 36
hours before Ovum Pick Up procedure. Hence, the timing has to be maintained and the
concerned sister in charge is informed after the receipt of injections.
Ovum Pick Up is done under anesthesia, hence 8 hours of fasting is absolutely
necessary. Even water should not be taken for 8 hours before OPU. If thyroid or HT
medications are to be taken, this alone can be taken with sips of water as per
instructions given by the doctor.
They can resume to have intercourse 5 days after egg collection, provided embryo
transfer is not planned. If the embryo transfer is planned then it should be avoided
usually till first 3 months of pregnancy.
After Ovum Pick UP, the embryo is grown till - cleavage stage or day 3 / blastocyst
or day 5. Day 5 transfer is most often recommended for patients. If fresh transfer
is not planned then embryo is grown till day 5 and then frozen in that stage, when
frozen embryo transfer is planned the embryo is thawed before 2 to 3 hours of
Most of the embryo transfers are done without anesthesia, as it is not painful at
all, except for the discomfort caused by partially filled urine and the small
vaginal speculum. But if the patient is worried, anesthesia can be given for embryo
transfer but only with prior intimation and preparation.
The procedure as such takes only 15 minutes. The duration of stay in hospital is 2
hours before and 3 hours after the procedure.
DO’s- can take bath daily , can do daily routines by yourselves, can climb
stairs slowly, should have healthy food , can have fruits which doesn’t cause cold (
raw papaya and large quantities of pineapple can be avoided) , can have non
vegetarian food with less spices, do maintain normal bowel habits , better use
western toilet,do drink lots of water, can do walking with intermittent rest, can do
routine activities without physical exertion, do read good books, do sleep restful,
do have lots of positive attitude.
Do not have intercourse, Do not travel in rough roads, Do not sit and stand for long
time, intermittent resting is very helpful, do not eat junk foods and spicy foods,
avoid foods causing tummy upset, avoid getting cold or allergies, avoid mental
stress, avoid negative ideas, do not skip medications
Evidence had clearly showed that embryo transfer under USG or scan guidance has
better success rate. Hence for abdominal scan guidance, partially filled bladder is
essential. Usually not passing urine for 1 hour is sufficient after drinking water.
Uterine cavity is not a open cavity, it is like a bush of tree inside with walls
approximated, hence after Embryo transfer the embryo settles in the endometrial
clefts and does not come out of uterus, unless kept improperly.
Every day taking medications without skipping is very important for successful
outcome. If skipped sometimes bleeding can happen. But if medications are skipped,
should be informed, so that necessary precautions are taken.
We don’t recommend complete bed rest as it increases mental stress and negative
feelings. Work from home is allowed with safety. If work place is nearby can
continue work stress free. But to avoid physical stress, relative rest at home is
better. That is avoiding physical stress and doing routine activities like bathing,
vegetable cutting, preparing food, short intermittent walking.
It does not cause any changes other than regular pregnancy related weakness. All of
it can be regained and weakness corrected by proper healthy food and physical
The short term side effects of injections like mild injection site pain, discomfort
in lower abdomen after ovum pick up completely goes after 5 to 7 days of egg
collection. There is no long term side effects if given correct recommended dosages.